Categories意见

房屋仲裁庭聆审无期

2021年07月26日

黄伟益
产业管理顾问

 

迟来的正义非正义!

这句英国法谚可以用来形容我国疫情当下的司法运作,包括房屋仲裁庭及分层管理仲裁庭,更因为联邦政府6月份实行的全面封锁(FMCO),还有如今还看不到尽头的国家复苏计划(第一阶段),导致许多案件堆积如山却面对聆审无期的窘境。

迟来的正义非正义!

这句英国法谚可以用来形容我国疫情当下的司法运作,包括房屋仲裁庭及分层管理仲裁庭,更因为联邦政府6月份实行的全面封锁(FMCO),还有如今还看不到尽头的国家复苏计划(第一阶段),导致许多案件堆积如山却面对聆审无期的窘境。

在这期间入禀仲裁庭的案件,除了发展商交屋货不对板、购屋者针对缺陷责任期所提出的索偿,还有楼层之间漏水问题、管理层追讨所拖欠的管理费之外,其他亦会入禀的案件还包括共管机构或管理机构未能如期召开常年大会等。

我早前有协助芙蓉金源大厦共管机构,通过入禀分层管理仲裁庭要发展商交出管理权予共管机构,仲裁庭原订6月28日要针对此案作裁决,如今则因遥无限期的国家复苏计划,一直没有办法择定开庭判决的日期。

除了仲裁庭没有开庭、服务柜台没有人办公之外,更糟的是,许多地方政府的建筑总监部门,简直把行动管控令当作他们可以不上班的借口。尽管政府宣布公务员必须20%上班,而其余80%则居家工作,但直正的实况却是把整个部门关起来,连一个人影都没有。

建议网上聆审

结果,这样的情况往往“益了”那些不奉公守法者,让备受欺压的购屋者有苦无处申诉。他们不仅无法入禀仲裁庭,他们甚至连投诉给建筑总监的机会也被剥夺。即使是吉隆坡市政厅建筑总监部门,也一直等到7月1日才逐渐小规模恢复办公。

至于仲裁庭许多等待排期的聆审,房屋及地方政府部迄今始终没有头绪,完全放任这些案件不理。其实,若房政部能善用这个时段,重新检讨其现行的法规,进而把房屋仲裁庭或分层管理仲裁庭的聆审推上网,这肯定有助于减少更多所累积的案件。

拖慢庭令执行力度

分层管理仲裁庭另一个备受诟病的问题,就是没有在最快时间协助将仲裁庭的裁决,向法庭登记以便取得庭令之效用,进而通过法庭执行这些庭令,来对付没有遵守仲裁庭裁决者。

举例来说,若共管机构或管理机构通过入禀分层管理仲裁庭,针对某位拖欠管理费之业主取得裁决要对方缴付所拖欠的1万令吉管理费。不过,仲裁庭所给予的书面裁决,必须通过仲裁庭方面协助交予法庭登记,始能取得庭令之效用。

在这种情况下,管理层可以选择通过不同的方式来执行这些庭令,这包括冻结欠款业主的银行户头,并要求银行直接从业主的户头扣出这笔钱偿还给管理层,再不然就是通过查封及拍卖令来拍卖所有被查封的流动财产等。

不过,许多由仲裁庭所发出的裁决,往往要耗超过半年甚至一年半载的时间才能够向法庭登记。如今,随着法庭亦因各种所施行的管控令而闭门,这无形中将拖慢管理层要通过法庭执行这些庭令的力度,进而让仲裁庭最终沦为无牙老虎。

应提控不遵守裁决者

此外,房政部亦需正视许多入禀仲裁庭的案件,即使败诉的一方最终未遵守仲载庭的裁决,却没有面对建筑总监开档调查并提控他们上庭的下场。根据2013年分层管理法令第123条文,任何人若不遵守仲裁庭的裁决,一旦被提控且罪名成立,将面对不超过25万令吉罚款、不超过3年监禁或两者兼施。

除了梳邦再也市政厅之外,我们目前还看不到国内其他地方议会的建筑总监,会针对不遵守仲裁庭裁决者将他们提控上庭。这看来也是房屋及地方政府部必须大刀阔斧并改革一番之处。

当局应下令全国各地方议会的建筑总监,须通过开档调查并提控所有不遵守仲裁庭裁决者,以敬效尤。

共管机构无法开线上大会

迄今为止,国内还有许多共管机构或管理机构,仍然面对无法通过网上召开常年大会的痛苦。

一来,有很多牵涉到法庭及技术性的问题,迄今始终无法获得建筑总监给予满意的解答,导致一些通过网上召开的虚拟大会,往往都是在管理层战战兢兢的情况下完成。

房屋及地方政府部长上月23日通过宪报颁布,4项针对建筑总监、发展商、共管机构或管理机构的豁免政令,让许多无法如期召开常年大会的管理层不会面对问题。

不过,这样的豁免政令不颁布还好,一颁布下来反而让人贻笑大方。

当中最经典的莫过于所颁布的宪报,允许从去年3月18日至2021年6月30日为止无法召开常年大会的发展商、共管机构或管理机构,能够免于面对法律问题,不过当局却规定这些常年大会最迟必须在2021年7月1日召开。

试想想,任何由发展商、共管机构或管理机构所召开的常年大会,管理层一般上要发出至少14天的通告给予所有购屋者,始能召开大会。

若这些宪报在6月23日颁布,而管理层则必须最迟在7月1日召开常年大会,在大会通告未足14天期限的情况下,这些常年大会岂不是要面对被判定不合法的下场?

这种种的一切,肯定会让更多投机分子一再滥用其在共管机构或管理机构的权位,进而作出戕害购屋者利益的各种决定。

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    All trademarks, service marks and logos displayed in this web site are the property of property.eNanyang.my and/or their respective third-party proprietors as identified in the web site. Unless the prior written consent of property.eNanyang.my or the relevant third-party proprietor of any trademarks, service marks or logos appearing on the web site has been obtained, no license or right is granted to any party accessing this web site to use, download, reproduce, copy or modify such trademarks, service marks or logos. Similarly, unless the prior written consent of property.eNanyang.my or the relevant proprietor has been obtained, no such trade mark, service mark or logo may be used as a link or to mark any link to the property.eNanyang.my web site or any other site. Just as property.eNanyang.my requires users to respect our copyrights, and those of our affiliates and partners, we respect the copyrights of others. If you believe in good faith that your copyrighted work has been reproduced on our site without authorisation in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, you may notify our designated copyright agent either by mail to Nanyang Siang Pau Sdn Bhd, No. 1, Jalan SS 7/2, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia or by email to prop@eNanyang.my.

    This site is available “as is” and “as available” basis. We do not warrant that this service will be uninterrupted or error-free. There may be delays, omissions, interruptions and inaccuracies in the news, information or other materials available through this web site. We are not responsible for the availability or content of other services that may be linked to this web site. We do not make any warranties, express or implied, including without limitation, those of merchant quality and fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to this web site or any information or services that are available or advertised or sold through this web site. We do not make any representations, nor do we endorse the accuracy, completeness, timeliness or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other material or database displayed, uploaded or distributed in this web site or available through links in this web site. We reserve the right to correct any errors or omissions in this web site. Although we intend to take reasonable steps to prevent the introduction of viruses, worms, “Trojan horses” or other destructive materials to this web site, we do not guarantee or warrant that the materials that may be downloaded from this web site do not contain such destructive features. We are not liable for any damages or harm attributable to such features. If you rely on this information and any materials available through this web site, you do so solely at your own risk. Without derogation of the above and/or terms and conditions of the applicable agreements governing all the information and services of the web site, reasonable measures shall be taken by property.eNanyang.my to ensure the accuracy and validity of all information relating to transactions of products and services of related web site.

    property.eNanyang.my shall not be liable for any loss or damages howsoever arising whether in contract, tort, negligence, strict liability or any other basis, including without limitation any damages, loss or expense, direct, indirect, special, or consequential damage, punitive damages or economic loss arising from or in connection with: (1) any access, use or the inability to access or use this website, or reliance on the materials and/or any information in this web site; (2) any system, server or connection failure, error, omission, interruption, delay in transmission, or computer virus; and (3) any use of or access to any other sites linked to this web site. Any hyperlinks to any other websites are not an endorsement or verification of such web sites and such web sites should only be accessed at the user’s own risks. This exclusion clause shall take effect to the fullest extent permitted by law.

    Links from or to the web sites outside of property.eNanyang.my are meant for convenience only. This web site does not investigate, verify, monitor, or endorse the content, accuracy, opinions expressed and other links (if any) provided by such resources as such linked web sites are owned and operated by third parties and are not under the control of property.eNanyang.my. Therefore, we shall not be responsible and makes no warranties in respect of the contents of those web sites, the third parties named therein or their products and services. Furthermore, the links provided in this web site to other shall not be considered an endorsement or verification or approval of such linked web sites of the contents therein. Linking to any other site is at your sole risk and property.eNanyang.my will not be responsible or liable for any damages in connection with linking. It is advisable for you to read the privacy policy statements any web sites which are linked to this web site.

    You will on demand indemnify and keep indemnified property.eNanyang.my from all liabilities, claims, losses and expenses, including any legal fees that may be incurred by property.eNanyang.my in connection with or arising from (1) your use or misuse of this web site and the services provided herein, or (2) your breach of these terms and conditions howsoever occasioned, or (3) any intellectual property right or proprietary right infringement claim made by a third party against property.eNanyang.my in connection with your use of this web site.


    property.eNanyang.my reserves the right to terminate and/or suspend your access and/or your use of this web site at any time, for any reason. In particular, and without limitation, we may terminate and/or suspend your access should you violate any of these terms and conditions, or violate the rights of property.eNanyang.my of any other user or any third party.

    The failure of property.eNanyang.my to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these terms and conditions shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any part of these terms and conditions is determined to be invalid or unenforceable pursuant to applicable law, then the invalid and unenforceable provision will be deemed superseded by a valid, enforceable provision that most clearly matches the intent of the original provision and the remainder of the other provisions of the terms and conditions shall continue in full force and effect. All rights not expressly granted herein are reserved.

    These terms and conditions are governed by and are to be construed in accordance with the laws of Malaysia. By accessing this web site and/or using the services provided herein by property.eNanyang.my, you hereby agree to submit to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the Malaysian courts in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in all disputes arising out of or relating to the use of this web site.

    私隐政策声明

      You agree that Nanyang Press Holdings Berhad and its subsidiaries (“Nanyang Group”) may process, use, disclose and/or retain your personal information in accordance with our Privacy Policy as long as necessary for the fulfillment of the Purposes stated herein.

      In order for us to provide our products and/or services to you in the most efficient and effective manner, we need to collect relevant personal information from you. The personal information collected by us may include, but not limited to, the followings: –

      • Name;
      • Address;
      • Phone Number;
      • Fax Number;
      • Date of Birth;
      • Email Address;
      • Gender;
      • Bank Information;
      • Identity Card Number; or
      • Credit Card Information

      Personal Information that you provide to us will be Processed (as defined in PDPA 2010) for the following purposes: –

      • to process your application and/or request for our products and/or services;
      • to complete transactions with you, manage and verify your membership of our customer loyalty scheme where applicable;
      • to provide you with the products and/or services you have requested or subscribed;
      • to understand and analyse our sales, your needs and preferences;
      • to develop, enhance, market and provide products and services to meet your needs;
      • to conduct marketing activities;
      • to direct market to you;
      • to determine how we can improve our services to you;
      • to process exchanges or product returns;
      • to process payments to you;
      • to enable you to participate in promotions and contests;
      • to investigate and resolve any service issues;
      • to keep in contact with you and better manage any business relationship we have with you;
      • to send you updates on our products, news and events, promotions and rewards, special privileges and initiatives of Nanyang Group, our partners and advertisers;
      • for debt collection purposes;
      • to respond to requests or complaints;
      • for future business opportunities and transactions;
      • for audit, compliance and risk management purposes;
      • to meet legal and regulatory requirements; or
      • for all other purposes incidental and associated with any of the above;
      collectively known as the “Purposes”.<

      Nanyang Group will treat all information we hold about you as private and confidential. In order to provide our products and/or services to you, we may need to disclose your personal information to the following third parties: –

      1. law enforcement agencies;
      2. government agencies;
      3. companies or individuals that act as our agents, contractors, service providers and/or professional advisers;
      4. any financial institution and charge or credit card issuing companies with which you have or propose to have dealings;
      5. our business associates in or outside Malaysia;
      6. to share the information with trusted business partners for the provision of their services
      7. any parties to whom you have given us your express or implied consent to disclose; or
      8. to such other parties as may be permitted under the laws of Malaysia.

      You may contact us at the following contact points should you have any queries regarding this Privacy Policy or you wish to have inaccurate information of you to be corrected: –

      Designation: Data Privacy Officer
      Telephone: 03-7872 6921
      Fax: 03-7872 6994
      Email: pdpa@nanyang.com.my
      Address :1, Jalan SS 7/2, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor

      We will keep this Privacy Policy under regular review and we may amend this Privacy Policy from time to time without prior notice. The updated version shall apply and supersede all previous versions. It is advisable that you check this Privacy Policy on a regular basis.

      This notice was updated: 5th February 2014

      © 南洋商报有限公司版权所有 | Copyright Nanyang Siang Pau Sdn. Bhd.(6164-V)

      电邮:prop@eNanyang.my

      地址: No. 1, Jalan SS 7/2, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

      电话: +603-7872 6888

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        The following terms and conditions apply to your access and the use of this Web Site and the Services provided herein by Nanyang Siang Pau Sdn Bhd. (hereinafter referred to as “eNanyang.my” and “property.eNanyang.my”). By accessing any page of this Web Site and/or using the services, you agree to be bound by these terms and conditions without limitation or qualification. If you do not accept these terms and conditions, please immediately discontinue access to this Web Site and/or use of the services.

        The information, products and services described or offered on this web site are not intended for distribution to, or use by, any person or entity in any jurisdiction or country where such distribution or use would be contrary to law or regulation or which would subject eNanyang.my or its subsidiaries or affiliates to any registration requirements within such jurisdiction or country. The materials, information (including opinions, commentary and recommendations) and functions provided in this web site shall not under any circumstances be considered or construed as an offer or solicitation to sell, buy, give, take, issue, allot or transfer, or as giving of any advice in respect of shares, stocks, bonds, notes, interests, unit trusts, mutual funds or other securities, investments, loans, advances, credits or deposits in any jurisdiction.

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        私隐政策声明

          You agree that Nanyang Press Holdings Berhad and its subsidiaries (“Nanyang Group”) may process, use, disclose and/or retain your personal information in accordance with our Privacy Policy as long as necessary for the fulfillment of the Purposes stated herein.

          In order for us to provide our products and/or services to you in the most efficient and effective manner, we need to collect relevant personal information from you. The personal information collected by us may include, but not limited to, the followings: –

          • Name;
          • Address;
          • Phone Number;
          • Fax Number;
          • Date of Birth;
          • Email Address;
          • Gender;
          • Bank Information;
          • Identity Card Number; or
          • Credit Card Information

          Personal Information that you provide to us will be Processed (as defined in PDPA 2010) for the following purposes: –

          • to process your application and/or request for our products and/or services;
          • to complete transactions with you, manage and verify your membership of our customer loyalty scheme where applicable;
          • to provide you with the products and/or services you have requested or subscribed;
          • to understand and analyse our sales, your needs and preferences;
          • to develop, enhance, market and provide products and services to meet your needs;
          • to conduct marketing activities;
          • to direct market to you;
          • to determine how we can improve our services to you;
          • to process exchanges or product returns;
          • to process payments to you;
          • to enable you to participate in promotions and contests;
          • to investigate and resolve any service issues;
          • to keep in contact with you and better manage any business relationship we have with you;
          • to send you updates on our products, news and events, promotions and rewards, special privileges and initiatives of Nanyang Group, our partners and advertisers;
          • for debt collection purposes;
          • to respond to requests or complaints;
          • for future business opportunities and transactions;
          • for audit, compliance and risk management purposes;
          • to meet legal and regulatory requirements; or
          • for all other purposes incidental and associated with any of the above;
          collectively known as the “Purposes”.<

          Nanyang Group will treat all information we hold about you as private and confidential. In order to provide our products and/or services to you, we may need to disclose your personal information to the following third parties: –

          1. law enforcement agencies;
          2. government agencies;
          3. companies or individuals that act as our agents, contractors, service providers and/or professional advisers;
          4. any financial institution and charge or credit card issuing companies with which you have or propose to have dealings;
          5. our business associates in or outside Malaysia;
          6. to share the information with trusted business partners for the provision of their services
          7. any parties to whom you have given us your express or implied consent to disclose; or
          8. to such other parties as may be permitted under the laws of Malaysia.

          You may contact us at the following contact points should you have any queries regarding this Privacy Policy or you wish to have inaccurate information of you to be corrected: –

          Designation: Data Privacy Officer
          Telephone: 03-7872 6921
          Fax: 03-7872 6994
          Email: pdpa@nanyang.com.my
          Address :1, Jalan SS 7/2, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor

          We will keep this Privacy Policy under regular review and we may amend this Privacy Policy from time to time without prior notice. The updated version shall apply and supersede all previous versions. It is advisable that you check this Privacy Policy on a regular basis.

          This notice was updated: 5th February 2014

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